The Life Application Study Bible is the best Bible for your mobile phone. This app allows you to read the Bible with a voiceover and all the features you would expect from a Bible application. The app is easy to use and navigates you through the Bible with a voiceover, images and video clips. All Bible verses are searchable and the translations are very clear. You can read the Bible in the most popular versions of the Bible, including the King James Version, the New International Version, the New American Standard Version and others. You can also listen to the Bible or read it out loud. This Bible app is free to download and has no time limit. You can download it right now!
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4 Visit Tyndale s exciting Web site at Hebrews Copyright 1997 by The Livingstone Corporation. All rights reserved. Contributing Editors: James C. Galvin, Ed.D., and Ronald A. Beers Cover photograph of bridge and path copyright by Alyn Stafford / istockphoto. All rights reserved. Cover photographs of woman with a laptop and man holding a pen copyright by Dan Wilton / istockphoto. All rights reserved. Cover photo of man reading copyright by Ronnie Comeau / istockphoto. All rights reserved. Scripture quotations marked NIV are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version. NIV. Copyright 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved. Scripture quotations marked NKJV are taken from the New King James Version. Copyright 1979, 1980, 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved. Scripture quotations marked NRSV are taken from the New Revised Standard Version of the Bible, copyright 1989, Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved. (No citation is given for Scripture text that is exactly the same wording in all three versions NIV, NKJV, and NRSV.) Scripture quotations marked KJV are taken from the Holy Bible, King James Version. Scripture quotations marked NLT are taken from the Holy Bible, New Living Translation, copyright Used by permission of Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., Carol Stream, Illinois All rights reserved. TYNDALE, Life Application, New Living Translation, NLT, and Tyndale s quill logo are registered trademarks of Tyndale House, Publishers, Inc. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Barton, Bruce B. Hebrews / Bruce B. Barton, Dave R. Veerman, Linda K. Taylor ; editor, Philip W. Comfort. p. cm. (Life application Bible commentary) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Bible. N.T. Hebrews Commentaries. I. Veerman, David. II. Taylor, Linda K. III. Comfort, Philip Wesley. IV. Title. V. Series. BS B dc Printed in the United States of America
8 FOREWORD The Life Application Bible Commentary series provides verseby-verse explanation, background, and application for every verse in the New Testament. In addition, it gives personal help, teaching notes, and sermon ideas that will address needs, answer questions, and provide insight for applying the word of God to life today. The content is highlighted so that particular verses and phrases are easy to find. Each volume contains three sections: introduction, commentary, and reference. The introduction includes an overview of the book, the book s historical context, a time line, cultural background information, major themes, an overview map, and an explanation about the author and audience. The commentary section includes running commentary on the Bible text with reference to several modern versions, especially the New International Version, the New Revised Standard Version, and the New Living Translation, accompanied by life applications interspersed throughout. Additional elements include charts, diagrams, maps, and illustrations. There are also insightful quotes from church leaders and theologians such as John Calvin, Martin Luther, John Wesley, and A. W. Tozer. These features are designed to help you quickly grasp the biblical information and be prepared to communicate it to others. The reference section includes an index and a bibliography.
18 5 HEBREWS 1:3 glory (2 Corinthians 4:4). He is not a copy, but the very embodiment of God s nature. He gives us the light of the knowledge of the glory of God (2 Corinthians 4:6). Not only is Jesus the radiance of God s glory, but he is also the exact representation of his being. Jesus is God himself the very God who spoke in Old Testament times. The Greek word for being (hypostasis) means the very substance of God; the Greek word for exact representation (character) was used in ancient times to express an imprint, an image. Thus, Jesus is the visible expression of God s invisible being. We get a perfect picture of God when we look at Christ (John 1:18). In other words, Jesus explains God; he came to the world and portrayed God to people by his words and actions. No one can know God apart from Christ because we know God by knowing Christ. God reveals himself through Jesus (see John 1:1; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Philippians 2:6; Colossians 1:15). The prophets could only tell God s people what they saw and heard. Jesus was God himself his message was firsthand. He sustains the universe by the mighty power of his command. NLT Christ not only created the universe, he also sustains it (Colossians 1:17). He does this by preserving and delivering the universe until he will inherit it (see commentary on 1:1-2). Christ spoke the world into existence (Genesis 1 2), and he supports the world with his omnipotent word (see 11:3). Christ does not physically hold up the world, as was said of the mythical Atlas, but he guides the world toward its appointed future the time when he will receive it as his inheritance (1:2). Because Christ sustains everything, nothing in creation is independent from him. All things are held together in a coherent or logical way, sustained and upheld, prevented from dissolving into chaos. In him alone and by his word, we find the unifying principle of all life. He is transcendent over all other powers. After he had provided purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven. NIV This phrase capsulizes the author s two main themes about Christ his sacrifice and his exaltation. Jesus cleansed his people from the ugly stain of sin. Sin destroys our ability to know or approach God, but when God purifies us from our sins, he cleanses our record. He regards us as though we had never sinned and clothes us in the righteousness of Christ himself (2 Corinthians 5:21). Jesus provided purification for sins. This statement reveals the central theme of the letter: Christ s superior sacrifice for sins. No sacrifice for sin could be greater than the sacrifice offered by the Creator his death on a cross. Jesus cleansed the
24 11 HEBREWS 1:8-9 god. This title was used out of respect for the king s position as God s representative. The title that the people imperfectly placed on the Jewish king was perfectly true of Christ. That his throne...willlastforever and ever stresses Jesus exaltation. Christ has an eternal throne, and his reign is characterized by righteousness because he has loved righteousness and hated wickedness. A Jewish king needed these attributes and emotions in order to maintain the throne. But only Christ has such perfect love for righteousness and hatred for evil. Since a The full flood of my life is not in bodily health, not in external happenings, not in seeing God s work succeed, but in the perfect understanding of God, and in the communion with him that Jesus himself had. Be rightly related to God, find your joy there, and out of you will flow rivers of living water. Oswald Chambers throne symbolizes an enduring kingdom or dynasty, these verses look forward to a time when God s enemies will be made into his footstool (see commentary on 1:13). PROPHET, PRIEST, AND KING So far Hebrews has presented three offices of Jesus: prophet, priest, and king. These offices show his leadership and his superiority over all created beings. Jesus as Prophet He reveals the exact nature of God (1:2-3). Jesus as Priest He purified us by his atoning work (1:3). Jesus as King He reigns over all creation (1:3, 8-9). Jesus deserves honor as our ultimate authority. We can give him our highest regard by: Obeying his Word (2:1). Persevering in our faith (12:1-6). Enduring hardship (12:7). Loving fellow believers (13:1). Imitating solid Christian leaders (13:7). Worshiping him with devotion (13:15). God has set Jesus above his companions in two ways: (1) Jesus was set above human messengers because only he was the Anointed One, the greatest mouthpiece of God (see 1:1). No prophet, priest, or king could claim the authority that Jesus possessed. (2) Jesus was set above angelic messengers. Christ is superior to any other spiritual being. These qualities allowed Jesus to be anointed with the oil of joy. The Jews would anoint their kings and their priests with holy oil. This description, therefore, carries a double meaning, revealing that Jesus had been anointed king and priest. He was able to be a sacrifice for sins because he was perfect and
The commentary section includes running commentary on the Bible text with reference to several modern versions, especially the New International Version and the New Revised Standard Version, accompanied by life applications interspersed throughout. Additional elements include charts, diagrams, maps, and illustrations. There are also insightful quotes from church leaders and theologians such as John Calvin, Martin Luther, John Wesley, A. W. Tozer, and C. S. Lewis. These features are designed to help you quickly grasp the biblical information and be prepared to communicate it to others. The reference section includes a bibliography. 2b1af7f3a8